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  • Writer's pictureGregory Shushan

An Anti-War Message from Zeus: The Near-Death Experience of Bouplagos from 191 BCE

In his Book of Marvels, Phlegon, a 2nd century CE Greek historian from Tralles (in modern Turkey), recounted the NDE of a man named Bouplagos.

Bouplagos was a cavalry commander for the army of Antiochus III, the Macedonian Hellenistic ruler of the Seleucid Empire. He was killed in the famous battle against the Persians at Thermopylae in 191 BCE. This narrative is usually referred to as a "ghost story" though readers here will immediately recognize that it is really an NDE. Bouplagos was sent back to his body to deliver a message from Zeus, which he recited in verse.

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